Types of Leadership
Some form of leadership exists in all groups. The leader is the person who has the most impact on group behavior and beliefs. He or she is the one who initiates action, gives orders, makes decisions, settles disputes among group members, offers encouragement, serves as a model, and is in the forefront of group activity. All groups have some leadership structure.
Formal and Informal Leaders
Large organizations such as a business or school have formal organization charts indicating the official chain of command and giving guidelines about patterns of decision making and supervision.
At the other extreme, some groups have no formal leaders at all. Friendship groups are one example. What is important to recognize, however, is that groups without formal leaders still have patterns of informal leadership.
Paths to Leadership
Individuals can become group leaders in several ways:
Types of Leadership Activities
In general, leaders must perform two types of activities:
Both Task and Social Leadership are important to successful group functioning.